Farmweek | Entire Show | February 27, 2020

Farmweek | Entire Show | February 27, 2020


YEARS ON THE AIR, FARMWEEK IS A PRODUCTION OF MISSISSIPPI STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION.” TODAY ON FARMWEEK, THE CHINA TRADE DEAL IS SIGNED, BUT PRODUCERS ARE STILL WAITING FOR BUYERS. PLUS, MORE VIDEO OF THAT INCREDIBLE FLOODING IN THE SOUTHEAST. IN SOUTHERN GARDENING, LIKE A CERTAIN NINA SIMONE SONG, PRUNING CAN BE MISUNDERSTOOD. BUT IT DOESN’T HAVE TO BE. AND FINALLY, A BIG TIME TRUCK DRIVER SHORTAGE MAKES IT JUST A LITTLE BIT HARDER FOR CROPS TO GET TO MARKET. FARMWEEK STARTS RIGHT NOW! JIB HELLO, EVERYONE, I’M MIKE RUSSELL. THANKS FOR JOINING US TODAY ON FARMWEEK. MIKE MIKE NEEDLESS TO SAY, MANY AROUND THE WORLD ARE CONCERNED ABOUT THE CORONAVIRUS OUTBREAK — MORE ON THAT SHORTLY. IN THE MEANTIME, SINCE THE SIGNING OF THE PHASE ONE CHINA TRADE DEAL — FOR NUMEROUS REASONS — AMERICAN PRODUCERS ARE WAITING AND HOPING. SO FAR THE REACTION IN FARM COUNTRY IS CAUTIOUSLY OPTIMISTIC. PAUL YEAGER HAS MORE. PKG Nats Applause THE PHASE ONE TRADE DEAL BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND CHINA WAS SIGNED IN JANUARY AND OFFICIAL IMPLEMENTATION IS UNDERWAY. U.S. TRADERS HOPING FOR CHINESE BUYERS TO PURCHASE LARGE AMOUNTS OF U.S. COMMODITIES HAVE YET TO SEE THEIR HOPES COME TO FRUITION. GRANT KIMBERLY, MARKET DEVELOPMENT, IOWA SOYBEAN ASSOCIATION: “I’m not going to anticipate we’re going to see huge amounts of soybean sales to China beyond just what normal sales would be until we get into next fall because there’s a caveat in the agreement that we had to be price competitive. Well, South America has a record crop that they’re starting to harvest right now. It’ll probably be difficult for us to be consistently price competitive over the next six or so months.” THE SOUTH AMERICAN CROP IS MOVING THROUGH THE SYSTEM AND, FOR NOW, REMAINS THE CHEAPER ALTERNATIVE TO U.S. SOYBEANS. COMMODITY GROUPS ARE CONTINUING TO LOOK FOR NEW MARKETS THAT MAY INITIALLY IMPORT ONLY ONE OR TWO MILLION BUSHELS OF PRODUCT. GRANT KIMBERLEY: “We as a soybean industry continue to work to diversify our markets beyond China. Unfortunately, China buys 60 percent of the world’s soybeans, so they’re still the biggest market — and always will be for quite a while in the future here, but we’re working in other markets to develop those demand picture for soybean producers.” MIKE IN CALIFORNIA, FARMERS WON ACCESS TO MORE WATER RESOURCES, EVEN WHILE A REDUCED SNOWPACK INDICATES ANOTHER WESTERN DROUGHT COULD BE ON THE WAY. MEANWHILE, FURTHER EAST — RAIN, SNOW AND HIGH WATER CAUSED THE SOUTHEAST TO BECOME VERY SOGGY. HERE’S PETER TUBBS. PKG THE FLOOD SEASON OF 2020 STARTED EARLY IN THE SOUTH. HEAVY RAIN IN TENNESSEE TURNED FIELDS INTO LAKES. TRANSPORTATION OFFICIALS CLOSED ROADS AS WATER MOVED UP IN THE FLOOD-RAVAGED REGION. THE HEAVIEST RAIN EXTENDED FROM LOUISIANA, THROUGH MISSISSIPPI TO GEORGIA. RESIDENTS AROUND MISSISSIPPI’S CAPITAL OF JACKSON WERE SENT FROM THEIR HOMES AND TOLD NOT TO RETURN UNTIL GIVEN THE ALL-CLEAR. THIS NEIGHBORHOOD IS NEAR THE PEARL RIVER — AND A RESERVOIR HELD AND ALLOWED FOR A SLOWER RELEASE OF UPSTREAM WATER COMING TOWARDS JACKSON. SOME RESIDENTS HAD TO PADDLE INTO THEIR HOMES TO CHECK ON BELONGINGS AND CONDUCT PROPERTY CHECKS. WINTER SPREAD TO THE SOUTHEAST THIS WEEK AS SNOW FELL IN NORTH CAROLINA AND VIRGINIA AREAS THAT RARELY SEE CONDITIONS LIKE THIS. HERE IN RALEIGH, THE CAPITAL WAS FORECAST FOR ONLY AN INCH, BUT OTHER LOCATIONS IN THE NORTHEASTERN PORTION OF THE STATE COULD BE IN LINE FOR SIX INCHES AND WHITEOUT CONDITIONS. BACK TO THE CORONA VIRUS, NEEDLESS TO SAY, GLOBAL CONCERN IS HIGH. THE CDC SAYS IT IS PREPARING FOR SOME KIND OF SPREAD IN THE U-S, THOUGH ONE SENIOR ADVISER TO THE PRESIDENT SAYS HE BELIEVES THE U-S HAS CONTAINED THE OUTBREAK. THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND CALLED IT A HUMAN TRAGEDY, POSING SHARP RISKS TO GLOBAL ECONOMIC RECOVERY. AT THIS POINT, THE VIRUS HAS SPREAD TO 36 COUNTRIES — NEARLY 2700 PEOPLE HAVE DIED. MIKE BECAUSE OF THAT — AND BECAUSE THE OVERWHELMING MAJORITY OF THOSE INFECTED ARE IN CHINA — THE COUNTRY, AS YOU MIGHT IMAGINE, HAS SUFFERED DRAMATIC ECONOMIC IMPACT. AS A RESULT, CHINA HAS ALLOWED IMPORTERS THERE TO APPLY FOR TARIFF WAVERS ON HUNDREDS OF U-S PRODUCTS, INCLUDING SOYBEANS, PORK, CORN, AND WHEAT. IT ALSO HAS REMOVED THE BAN ON ALL U-S POULTRY. SOME ARE ALSO CALLING IT THE NEXT STEP IN THE 18 MONTH OLD TRADE WAR. MIKE THE NATIONAL PORK PRODUCERS COUNCIL SAYS HOG FARMERS REMAIN “DEEPLY CONCERNED” ABOUT THE POSSIBILITY OF AFRICAN SWINE FEVER MAKING ITS WAY INTO THE UNITED STATES, ESPECIALLY THROUGH FEED PRODUCTS. IT RECENTLY WROTE A LETTER TO AG SECRETARY SONNY PERDUE, ASKING HIM TO TAKE PROTECTIVE ACTION UNDER THE ANIMAL HEALTH PROTECTION ACT. THE LETTER WAS SIGNED BY 31 STATE AND NATIONAL PORK INDUSTRY GROUPS, ALL OF THEM WORKING TO MITIGATE THE EFFECTS OF ASF IN THE U-S. MIKE A FEW DAYS AGO, THE USDA LIFTED RESTRICTIONS ON BRAZILIAN BEEF IMPORTS, SAYING THE COUNTRY WAS WORKING HARDER TO IMPROVE ITS FOOD SAFETY PROGRAM. BEEF FROM BRAZIL HAD BEEN BANNED ALTOGETHER. NOW, THOUGH, THERE’S PUSHBACK. THE NATIONAL CATTLEMEN’S BEEF ASSOCIATION SAYS IT HAS — QUOTE — “SERIOUS CONCERNS ABOUT THE RE-ENTRY OF BRAZILIAN BEEF TO THE U-S MARKET.” THE NCBA SAYS THAT GIVEN BRAZIL’S HISTORY OF -FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE,- IT WILL KEEP A SHARP EYE ON ALL DEVELOPMENTS WITH BRAZIL. MIKE AND SPEAKING OF BEEF, THE GUARDIAN IS REPORTING THAT THE WORLD’S LARGEST BEEF PROCESSING COMPANY — JBS — BASED IN BRAZIL — IS BEING ACCUSED OF “CATTLE LAUNDERING.” BECAUSE THERE ARE INFO GAPS IN THE ORIGINS OF ITS CATTLE AND PORK, THERE’S CONCERN JBS IS LINKED TO DEFORESTATION IN THE AMAZON. TEN YEARS AGO, THE COMPANY PROMISED TO BE MORE TRANSPARENT. JBS ALSO HAS OPERATIONS IN THE U-S — AND TOTAL SALES OF AROUND $50 BILLION DOLLARS. MIKE THE FDA HAS PLANS TO MODERNIZE ITS FOOD SAFETY PROGRAM — AND IS ROLLING OUT A NEW BLUEPRINT — THIS ACCORDING TO AN INTERVIEW BY POLITICO DAYS AGO. THE AGENCY SAYS IT WILL DRAMATICALLY IMPROVE ITS ABILITY TO TRACK FOOD BORNE ILLNESS AND ITS CAUSES WITH WHAT IT CALLS -TECH ENABLED TRACEABILITY.- IT SAYS THAT KIND OF RAPID ANALYSIS WILL HELP THE FDA — QUOTE — “GET BOOTS ON THE GROUND REALLY FAST” – ALLOWING IT TO PINPOINT THE ORIGINS OF CONTAMINATION. MIKE POLITICO ALSO REPORTED THAT BUSINESSES ARE -NOT- OPTIMISTIC THAT THE U-S AND INDIA WOULD REACH A TRADE DEAL WHEN PRESIDENT TRUMP VISITED THERE RECENTLY. YOU MIGHT REMEMBER THAT TRUMP WAS WELCOMED WARMLY IN INDIA DURING HIS VISIT WITH PRIME MINISTER MODI. MORE THAN 100,000 PEOPLE APPLAUDED HIM AT A RALLY THERE. SOME GOOD NEWS CAME OUT OF THE MEETING. ACCORDING TO TRUMP, INDIA IS SET TO BUY MORE THAN $3 BILLION WORTH OF ADVANCED AMERICAN MILITARY EQUIPMENT, POTENTIALLY PART OF A MUCH LARGER DEAL. MIKE AND PRESIDENT TRUMP RECENTLY TEASED THE POSSIBILITY OF A THIRD ROUND OF TRADE AID TO FARMERS. FARMERS. TWEETED – QUOTE — “IF OUR FORMALLY TARGETED FARMERS NEED ADDITIONAL AID UNTIL SUCH TIME AS THE TRADE DEALS WITH CHINA, MEXICO, CANADA AND OTHERS FULLY KICK IN, THAT AID WILL BE PROVIDED BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, PAID FOR OUT OF THE MASSIVE TARIFF MONEY COMING INTO THE USA!” NO DETAILS YET ON HOW OR WHEN THE NEW PACKAGE WILL BE DELIVERED. MIKE A KEY U-S TRADE OFFICIAL SAYS THE E-U ISN’T PLAYING BY THE RULES — THIS AS EU NEGOTIATORS SAY THEY’RE HOPING FOR A TRADE DEAL WITH THE U-S BY MARCH 18. DEPUTY U-S TRADE REPRESENTATIVE DENNIS SHEA DELIVERED REMARKS AT A WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION MEETING RECENTLY, EXPRESSING CONCERN. VO IN THOSE REMARKS, SHEA SAID IN PART – QUOTE “…WE ARE…TROUBLED BY THE EU’S UNJUSTIFIED NON- TARIFF BARRIERS THAT IMPEDE THE USE OF MODERN AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND TECHNOLOGIES SUCH AS BIOTECHNOLOGY, VETERINARY DRUGS AND PATHOGEN REDUCTION TREATMENTS… MORE DISTURBING, THE EU IS FOISTING ITS MISGUIDED DOMESTIC POLICY ON OTHER COUNTRIES THROUGH REGIONAL TRADE AGREEMENTS AND DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE INITIATIVES. THIS APPROACH WILL HAVE GLOBAL CONSEQUENCES…” MIKE MIKE ON THE LIGHTER SIDE, IS IT TIME TO START -TUNING YOUR PRUNING?- CAMELLIAS ARE BEAUTIFUL WINTER SHRUBS, BUT THEY DO NEED SOME CUTTING BACK FROM TIME TO TIME. HERE’S GARY WITH SOME RAZOR SHARP INSIGHT. PACKAGE DR. GARY BACHMAN: “Pruning may be the most misunderstood — and often neglected — garden chore when caring for camellias in the landscape. Regular and consistent pruning will maintain the overall health and good form of the plant.” HERE’S A CAMELLIA THAT’S BEEN A LITTLE NEGLECTED, BUT DOESN’T NEED RENOVATION PRUNING. LET’S LOOK AT PERFORMING SOME PRUNING CUTS TO HELP REESTABLISH A GOOD SHAPE AND HEALTHIER SHRUB. ALWAYS USE SHARP TOOLS, HAND PRUNERS, LOPPERS AND SAWS, WHEN DOING ANY PRUNING. THIS IS ESPECIALLY TRUE WHEN PRUNING CAMELLIAS. A SHARP PRUNING TOOL LEAVES A CLEAN CUT, WHICH WILL HEAL FASTER THAN A JAGGED CUT. FOR THIS REASON, NEVER USE POWER HEDGERS TO PRUNE YOUR CAMELLIAS. FIRST, I’M GOING TO REMOVE ANY WEAK OR DAMAGED BRANCHES BACK TO THE MAIN STEM OR BRANCH INTERSECTION, WITHOUT LEAVING ANY “NUBS,” USING MY HAND PRUNERS OR LOPPERS AS NEEDED. REMOVAL OF THESE BRANCHES WILL REDUCE THE OCCURRENCE OF DIEBACK AND OTHER DISEASES. SECOND, I’M GOING TO THIN OUT ANY OVER-CROWDED GROWTH IN THE CENTER OF THE SHRUB. THIS INCLUDES CROSSING OR RUBBING BRANCHES, ANOTHER SOURCE OF POTENTIAL DISEASE PROBLEMS. THIRD, I WANT TO ENCOURAGE NEW FULLER GROWTH. I’M GOING TO REDUCE THE SIZE OF THE CAMELLIA BY PRUNING BRANCHES AND CUTTING STEMS BACK TO A BUD WHERE THE NEW GROWTH WILL APPEAR. THESE PRUNING CUTS WILL REFRESH THE CAMELLIA PRODUCING NEW, VIGOROUS SPRING GROWTH. DR. GARY BACHMAN: “The best time to prune your camellia is right after flowering, but the plant will tolerate pruning at other times of the year. I’m horticulturist Gary Bachman and I’ll see you next time on Southern Gardening.” JIB MIKE WE’LL TAKE A BREAK RIGHT HERE, BUT DON’T GO AWAY. COMING UP ON OUR FARMWEEK FEATURE… VO …IN CASE YOU HADN’T HEARD, THERE’S A SERIOUS SHORTAGE OF TRUCK DRIVERS — MANY OF THEM SERVE THE AG WORLD. TRUCKERS MOVE BILLIONS OF TONS OF FREIGHT EVERY YEAR — GENERATING MORE THAN THREE QUARTERS OF A TRILLION DOLLARS IN REVENUE. MEET DRIVERS WHO GOT INTO THE BUSINESS — AND WHO ARE EASIN’ ON DOWN THE ROAD. ON THE OTHER HAND, SOLVING THAT SHORTAGE ISN’T AS EASY AS YOU THINK. WHAT A LONG, STRANGE TRIP IT’S BEEN — THAT’S COMING UP ON FARMWEEK. DON’T GO AWAY. Take PSA AT MISSISSIPPI STATE UNIVERSITY, EXTENSION IS REACHING BEYOND THE COLLEGE CAMPUS — AND IMPACTING ADULT EDUCATION. WE’RE INSTRUCTING AGRICULTURAL PROFESSIONALS ON THE LATEST TRENDS IN RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY, INSPIRING COMMUNITIES, EMPOWERING SMALL BUSINESSES, AND PROMOTING THE GROWTH OF HEALTHY FAMILIES WHERE YOUTH AND ADULTS CAN REACH THEIR FULLEST POTENTIAL. DR. GARY JACKSON: “The MSU Extension Service, sharing our vision for the future.” PSA 30 ATV’S ARE A TON OF FUN FOR PEOPLE OF ALL AGES. BUT THESE POWERFUL MACHINES CAN ALSO BE A TON OF TROUBLE IF SAFETY GUIDELINES AREN’T FOLLOWED. NEVER CARRY MORE THAN ONE PERSON ON A SINGLE RIDER FOUR-WHEELER. THE FOUR-WHEELER CAN BECOME UNSTABLE AND VERY DANGEROUS. ATV’S ARE DESIGNED FOR OFF- ROAD USE ONLY. NEVER DRIVE ONE ON A HIGHWAY OR ANY OTHER PAVED SURFACE. AND ALWAYS RIDE THE RIGHT SIZED MACHINE AT THE RIGHT SPEED. THIS MESSAGE BROUGHT TO YOU BY MSU EXTENSION 4H. IT’S A SIMPLE IDEA. KNOWLEDGE THAT TRANSFORMS LIVES SHOULDN’T BE LIMITED TO THOSE ON A CAMPUS, BUT EXTENDED TO ANY OR ALL WHO WANT OR NEED IT, WHEREVER THEY ARE. AT MISSISSIPPI STATE UNIVERSITY, WE’VE BEEN MAKING THAT POSSIBLE FOR MORE THAN 100 YEARS THROUGH THE MSU EXTENSION SERVICE. WHAT BEGAN AS AN EFFORT TO EXTEND THE LATEST RESEARCH TO FARMERS HAS BECOME SOMETHING MUCH MORE. TODAY, WE’RE HELPING MISSISSIPPIANS FROM ALL WALKS OF LIFE, GIVING THEM THE TOOLS THEY NEED TO BUILD A BRIGHTER FUTURE. WE’RE SPARKING THE IMAGINATIONS OF STUDENTS AROUND THE STATE, AND INSPIRING THE NEXT GENERATION OF DOCTORS. WE’RE HELPING RURAL COMMUNITIES FIND THEIR WAY TO THE INTERNET AND CONNECT TO THE WORLD AT LARGE. AND WE’RE TEACHING FAMILIES HOW TO LEAD HEALTHIER LIVES IN WAYS BOTH BIG AND SMALL. MSU IS STANDING FIRM IN ITS COMMITMENT TO THAT ONE SIMPLE IDEA: EXTEND THE KNOWLEDGE THAT TRANSFORMS LIVES, WHEREVER THEY ARE. ANNOUNCER JIB MIKE TIME FOR THE MARKETS… ZAC ASHMORE IN THE STUDIO — TODAY — SINCE THE USMCA IS PRETTY MUCH A DONE DEAL — HE BEGINS WITH A LOOK AT IMPORTS AND EXPORTS IN THE PRODUCE MARKET. THANKS MIKE, IMPORT OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES -INCREASED- LAST YEAR SAYS THE USDA. FRESH VEGETABLES TOTALED ABOUT 9 BILLION, -UP- 7 PERCENT FROM 2018. FRESH AND FROZEN FRUIT TOTALED ABOUT -15 – BILLION, UP -8- PERCENT FROM 2018. THE COUNTRY MOST IMPORTED FROM? -MEXICO-, BY FAR, A COMBINED 13 AND A HALF BILLION DOLLARS, FOLLOWED BY CANADA AND CHILE, A COMBINED 3 BILLION DOLLARS. THE NUMBERS ARE CLEAR. MEXICO IS THE -LARGEST- EXPORTER OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES TO THE U.S. AND I DON’T SEE ANY SIGN OF THAT CHANGING THIS YEAR. ZAC ON THE FLIP SIDE, THE USDA SAYS -EXPORTS- OF FRESH PRODUCE WILL BE -STABLE- OVER THE NEXT DECADE — JUST A MODEST INCREASE. AND BY -MODEST,- I MEAN AN EXTRA HUNDRED MILLION DOLLARS OVER THE CURRENT 7 POINT THREE -BILLION- DOLLARS. IN THE SAME REPORT THERE’S GOOD NEWS, TOTAL FARM VALUE OF FRUITS, VEGETABLES, AND NUTS PROJECTED TO INCREASE 3 PERCENT ANNUALLY, RISING TO 66 BILLION BY 2029. CURRENT VALUE IS 52 BILLION. FRUITS WILL BE 40 PERCENT OF THE INCREASE. ZAC THEY CALL IT VERTICAL INTEGRATION — WALMART HAS OPENED ITS -OWN- ANGUS BEEF PROCESSING PLANT IN THOMASVILLE, GEORGIA. FARM JOURNAL SAYS THE 200 THOUSAND SQUARE FOOT FACILITY IS AN EFFORT BY THE RETAIL GIANT TO ESTABLISH ITS OWN ANGUS SUPPLY CHAIN FROM START TO FINISH. HOW DOES THE PLANT FIT INTO THE BIG PICTURE? WELL, AS REPORTED BY REUTERS, LAST YEAR WALMART SOURCED CATTLE FROM A NUMBER OF TEXAS RANCHERS. WITH THAT DEAL IN PLACE — PLUS THE NEW PLANT — THE WORLD’S LARGEST RETAILER NOW HAS FULL CONTROL OVER ALL THE ANGUS BEEF THAT WILL BE SOLD IN 500 STORES IN A PILOT PROGRAM ACROSS THE SOUTHEAST. WALMART SAYS THIS BEEF IS HORMONE FREE AND IT’LL MARKETED AS -HIGH END,- — READ -HIGHER PRICE.- A SPOKESMAN SAYS – QUOTE – “WE”LL SEE IF THE CUSTOMER IS WILLING TO -PAY- THAT PRICE WHEN IT HITS THE SHELVES THE NEXT FEW MONTHS.” NO WORD YET ON THE IMPACT THIS MOVE COULD HAVE ON THE BEEF MARKET OVERALL. ZAC IN CONTINUING COVERAGE OF CORONAVIRUS’ MARKET EFFECTS, GARLIC PRICES RISING. CHINA IS THE WORLD’S LARGEST PRODUCER OF GARLIC. NOW, THEIR 80 PERCENT OF GLOBAL SUPPLY IS FACING SUPPLY CHAIN CHALLENGES. TRADE ROUTES ARE BLOCKED FROM QUARANTINE AND FARMS CAN’T HARVEST BECAUSE OF A WORKER SHORTAGE. THE RESULT? GARLIC HAS RISEN IN PRICE 60 PERCENT IN THE LAST MONTH, SO, IF YOU LIKE ITALIAN FOOD, BE PREPARED TO PONY UP A LITTLE MORE. ZAC LAST WEEK, I TOLD YOU ABOUT THE BRAZILIAN REAL — ITS CURRENCY — AND HOW IT’S AFFECTED SOYBEAN PRICES. THE QUESTION STILL REMAINS, HOW LOW WILL IT GO? ALSO, HOW WILL WEATHER AFFECT THE U.S. PLANTING SEASON? MARKET ANALYST SHAWN HACKETT HAS THE SKINNY. SOT SHAWN HACKETT, MARKET ANALYST: “We are at all-time record lows. So the answer is we have really no idea how far it could go because there’s no other point on the chart that says it will go here. It just means we are going to continue to struggle. We talked about the price difference, South American being more competitive than the U.S. price, the worse the Real weakens the more it makes that price differential more difficult to compete with. We’re pretty constructive on grains beyond the next couple of months so we don’t think this is a time to sell it all and be done with it for the year. We want to get some on the books, get some done, I don’t think anyone wants to endure what we think it going to be a pretty tough spring, but we think there’s light at the end of the tunnel as we get beyond that and we want to save some powder dry for some late spring, early summer sales. We think it’s going to be a weather problem here. We think it’s going to be more of a drought like conditions in the mid- to-late spring that’s going to make early planted grains compromised and have the market, who would be trading early planting makes grain, say wait a minute, now all these early planted acres are not going to maybe be as good as we thought, we have to recalibrate. And so we think we’re going to get a similar V kind of a pattern when we come out of that and that gives us our opportunity to get a weather rally going like last year and get a chance to sell. Already the USDA has dialed down cotton acres. So if the weather remains that wet and that unfavorable, the cotton acres are going to be tough to bring in. We, however, just because of what we just said with the grain markets, corn probably getting hit, soybeans coming down, we think that cotton could look a little better a month from now than it looks today. Obviously it’s always a moving target. But we’re not so sure that we’re not going to put some acres in, especially the state of Texas where we think the weather won’t be quite as daunting as it is in the Deep South.” ZAC USDA’S LATEST CATTLE ON FEED REPORT SHOWS CATTLE PLACED ON FEED UP 2 PERCENT COMPARED TO LAST YEAR. -PLACEMENT- INTO FEEDLOTS -DOWN- 1 PERCENT FROM LAST YEAR. HOW DOES THIS AFFECT THE MARKET, ESPECIALLY WITH CORONA VIRUS IN THE PICTURE? ONCE AGAIN, HERE’S SHAWN HACKETT. SOT SHAWN HACKETT, MARKET ANALYST: “When you look at the whole report, I don’t think it’s going to take the cattle market away from what it is really focused on right now, which is the coronavirus and demand issues, especially from Japan. We’ve seen some pictures that Japan, some cities, some areas that are supposed to be bustling are really, really quiet because people are worried and just staying inside even though the virus isn’t proliferating there as it did in China, but the cattle market is worried about that because without Japanese demand that’s a big hit. The other thing we do want to kind of let everybody know that the drought has broken in Australia, flooding rains there, and the cattle price has gone parabolic. And so the imports that we usually bring in from Australian beef in the second quarter we feel is going to completely dry up. So that is going to help counterbalance some of this extra supply. So it’s a mixed bag but we don’t think it’s doom and gloom at this point.” ZAC THAT’S IT FOR A DEEPER LOOK INTO THE MARKETS. IT’S STILL EARLY IN THE YEAR, THERE’S GOING TO BE MORE TO SEE AS CORONAVIRUS AND OTHER ISSUES OTHER ISSUES UNFOLD. MIKE? MIKE WELL, ALL THOSE CROPS FARMERS ARE SO GOOD AT GROWING WOULD BE USELESS WITHOUT A WAY TO GET THEM TO MARKET — WE’RE TALKING ABOUT TRUCKS NOW, OF COURSE. JUST ONE PROBLEM — THERE’S A MASSIVE SHORTAGE OF TRUCK -DRIVERS,” AT LEAST FOR NOW. HERE’S COLLEEN BRADFORD KRANTZ WITH THE STORY. PKG THESE TRUCK DRIVERS IN TRAINING DON’T TYPICALLY SIGN UP AT IOWA CENTRAL TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGY CENTER BECAUSE OF REPORTS ABOUT A NATIONAL SHORTAGE FACING THE OCCUPATION. BUT THE FORT DODGE, IOWA FACULTY’S STAFF — WHO TRAIN THE STUDENTS TO HANDLE 80,000 POUND SEMI- TRUCKS — ARE HAPPY TO SEE THE MEN AND WOMEN WALK IN THE DOOR. THIS TRAINING CENTER AND OTHERS AROUND THE COUNTRY KNOW THAT THE U.S. NEEDS ANOTHER 60,000 DRIVERS. THE FIRST SIGNS OF A SHORTAGE WERE SEEN IN 2005. ALTHOUGH THINGS IMPROVED FOR A FEW YEARS, THE TREND TOOK A TURN FOR THE WORSE IN 2011. THE SHORTAGE HAS GROWN BY ABOUT 500 PERCENT OVER THE PAST 8 YEARS. OFFICIALS WITH THE AMERICAN TRUCKING ASSOCIATIONS SAY THE SHORTAGE COULD CLIMB TO 160,000 IN LESS THAN A DECADE. DEAN FRYAR, TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGY CENTER: “Eventually, the companies cannot fill the trucks that they have. They cannot haul the freight that they have been hauling in the past. And so then it’s going to create delays in — whether it be groceries, goods. So it can cause…just a kind of chain reaction.” EXPERTS AT THE ATA SAY THE SHORTAGE IS TIED, IN PART, TO INCREASED DEMAND FOR SHIPMENT OF GOODS, BUT ALSO TO AN INCREASED DEMAND FOR MEN AND WOMEN WITH A CLEAN DRIVING RECORD. DEAN FRYAR: The drivers have to be very qualified now in order to drive for trucking companies. They better have a squeaky clean record in order to be hired by a trucking company.” AT THE SAME TIME, THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, HOPING TO LIMIT FATIGUED DRIVING, CHANGED REGULATIONS IN 2003 AND 2005 TO MORE STRICTLY LIMIT A SEMI DRIVER’S ALLOWED HOURS BEHIND THE WHEEL IN A GIVEN PERIOD. DEAN FRYAR: “The hours of service rules have gotten stricter over the last few years. That’s also made a dent in the amount of money that driver can make. And it has also made a dent in the amount of drivers that companies need because the productivity isn’t quite as much.” THOSE FACTORS, COMBINED WITH THE RETIREMENT OF OLDER DRIVERS AND A RELUCTANCE AMONG DRIVERS TO BE AWAY FROM FAMILY ON LONG- HAUL, MULTI-DAY JOBS, HAVE LEFT THE INDUSTRY STRUGGLING. DEON CLAYTON, A 26-YEAR-OLD FROM FORT DODGE, 26-YEAR-OLD FROM FORT DODGE, SIGNED UP FOR CLASSES TO GET HIS COMMERCIAL DRIVER’S LICENSE. THE IDEA OF TRAVELING OUTSIDE OF IOWA SOUNDED MORE INTERESTING TO CLAYTON THAN THE FACTORY JOBS HE’S HELD IN THE PAST. DEON CLAYTON, TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGY CENTER, STUDENT: “I wanted to do something where I could travel and that was my main motivation for being a truck driver. I’ve traveled quite a bit, but I haven’t seen most of the United States and I wanted to be able to get as many states as I can under my belt.” CLAYTON WAS ONLY HALFWAY THROUGH THE COURSE WHEN HE WAS HANDED A CONDITIONAL JOB OFFER BY AN IOWA TRUCKING COMPANY. HE’D HAD NO IDEA THE NATION WAS FACING A DRIVER SHORTAGE UNTIL HE BEGAN HIS TRAINING. DEON CLAYTON: “I found out when I got here — I was like, yeah, that’s great because I was told that this is a good time to be getting into the industry. So most students get jobs before they even leave the program.” AGRICULTURE HAS YET TO BE AFFECTED QUITE AS SEVERELY AS SOME INDUSTRIES. MANY TIMES, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SUCH AS LIVESTOCK OR GRAIN ONLY NEED TO BE MOVED A SHORT DISTANCE, ALLOWING DRIVERS TO BE HOME MOST EVENINGS. THE IDEA OF RETIREMENT NEVER SAT WELL WITH FORMER FARMER AND EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICE WORKER DON GREINER. THE MISSOURI MAN AGREED TO HELP A FRIEND WHOSE COMPANY HAULS GRAIN AND FERTILIZER. DON GREINER, TRUCK DRIVER, OREGON, MISSOURI: “I can’t sit around and do nothing. I gotta be doing something. So this is probably as good as anything. I make a few dollars at it and have a good time. I enjoy the people that I work with and the other farmers. But I don’t want to be going over the road or something like that where I’m gone two or three nights a week.” DURING AGRICULTURE’S BUSIEST SEASONS, GREINER MIGHT WORK LONGER DAYS THAN BEFORE HE “RETIRED” FROM HIS LAST JOB. DON GREINER: “Well, I went to work at 7 yesterday morning and I got home about 10 last night. So 12, 14 hours or 16 hours aren’t out of the ordinary here during harvest and planting season.” AN AMERICAN TRUCKING ASSOCIATIONS SURVEY SHOWS THE AVERAGE AGE OF LONG-HAUL DRIVERS IS 46, YOUNGER THAN OTHER SEGMENTS OF THE INDUSTRY. THE ATA SUSPECTS OLDER DRIVERS — OR SEMI-RETIREES SUCH AS GREINER — AVOID THE LONG- HAUL JOBS. THE INDUSTRY, WHICH HAS ABOUT 3.5 MILLION TRUCK DRIVERS, BELIEVES THE BEST SOLUTION MAY BE TO BRING IN MORE WOMEN. RIGHT NOW, FEMALES REPRESENT LESS THAN 7 PERCENT OF ALL DRIVERS. BRINGING IN YOUNGER DRIVERS MAY BE ANOTHER SOLUTION, BUT TRUCKERS CURRENTLY MUST BE AT LEAST 21 YEARS OLD TO DRIVE AN INTERSTATE TRACTOR- TRAILER. DEAN FRYAR: “I don’t foresee the shortage getting any better anytime soon.” IN THE MEANTIME, DRIVER-ASSIST TECHNOLOGIES ARE MAKING LIFE ON THE ROAD A BIT EASIER. AND DRIVERLESS SEMIs ARE BEING TESTED IN SEVERAL REGIONS. AT LEAST ONE COMPANY HOPES TO HAVE THE BACKUP DRIVER REMOVED FROM THE CABS IN 2020. BUT THE DAYS WHERE FAR FEWER DRIVERS ARE NEEDED ARE STILL A WAYS DOWN THE ROAD. MIKE KIND OF MAKES YOU THINK DIFFERENTLY ABOUT THOSE BIG RIGS ON THE HIGHWAY, DOESN’T IT? TRUCKERS — WE NEED YOU! WELL NEXT WEEK, FARMERS LOVE THEM AND CAN’T LIVE WITHOUT THEM — BEES! VO …BUT A MYSTERIOUS PHENOMENON, ACCORDING TO THE EPA, CAUSES BEE COLONIES TO COLLAPSE, WHICH IN TURN MEANS CROPS DON’T GET POLLINATED. THE EPA SAYS WORLDWIDE CROP OUTPUT COULD BE SLASHED BY A THIRD. BUT THERE’S SCIENTIFIC HOPE ON THE HORIZON — AND IT COMES FROM THE MOST UNLIKELY PLACE. THE FUNGUS AMONG US – HELPING HONEY BEES. NEXT TIME ON FARMWEEK. MIKE REMEMBER IF YOU MISSED A STORY, LOOK FOR PAST EPISODES OF FARMWEEK ON OUR WEBSITE AT FARMWEEK DOT TV. AND DON’T FORGET TO FOLLOW US ON FACEBOOK, TWITTER, AND YOUTUBE AS WELL. WE’LL SEE YOU NEXT WEEK. THANKS FOR WATCHING. WE’LL TAKE A

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