Fantasy & Themes | So You Wanna Be A Game Designer? (#7)

Fantasy & Themes | So You Wanna Be A Game Designer? (#7)


Every game at its core is essentially a bunch
of boxes participating in a bunch of systems. At the very beginning prototyping stages – often
literally. It is the context that gives real meaning
to what we do, that actually brings emotions and connects us to the experience. Now, really, it is not my place to say what
you want your game to be about, because… well, it’s your game! What I can do, however, is provide some important
tips for you to keep in mind regarding a game’s fantasy and its themes. As a quick disclaimer, a lot of times the
terms fantasy, context and theme are used interchangeably, but I personally prefer to
use ‘themes’ in a different manner than the other two. I’ll explain why later in the video. But first, let’s talk about fantasy and
how it relates to systems. There’s a pretty famous article by Soren
Johnson regarding mechanics providing meaning, that uses Ticket to Ride as the primary example. If you don’t know Ticket to Ride, in short
it is a game about placing trains on railways, and the player who has the most successfully
connected routes wins. So it feels like you play as different railway
companies, competing to provide the best rail service. But in the manual, the story is that all players
are actually friends who have a wager regarding who will visit the most cities in seven days. Now here the mechanics and context don’t
mesh well at all. A coined term Ludonarrative Dissonance is
usually used to describe this sort of thing. The story of Ticket to Ride is about traveling
in a limited amount of time, but mechanically speaking there’s no strict time limit, and
you can place trains at any position on the map, so there’s no travel aspect in gameplay. Ticket to Ride is still an amazing board game,
and it so happens that this particular example doesn’t actually hurt it much due to the
skippable nature of the story in the manual, but in video games context is usually more
upfront, so you have to think really carefully about it. What you’re doing and why you’re doing
it have to gel really well. And this applies to abstract games too. For example the developers of Threes! have
spent a lot of time thinking about how to contextualize their puzzle in a way that makes
sense logically speaking. But it is even more true in games with heavy-focus
on narrative. Broadly speaking, it is going to be incredibly
weird if you have a fast-paced action shooter about a pacifist who is absolutely against
violence. Keep asking yourself how does everything you
build makes sense in context. And like everything in game development, it’s
honestly not a case of one area being absolutely more important than the other. Both gameplay and context must work together
to achieve something great. And this is where we get to themes. So if by fantasy and context I mean what the
systems and mechanics are wrapped in, themes are what questions you would like to discuss
in your game at a deeper level, if any. This sort of thing has to be decided pretty
early on so you could build the mechanics holistically alongside your themes. If you want to take a look at some part of
human nature, or relationship, or the effects of industrialization, or redemption, or whatever
you have in mind, pre-production is the time to decide that, otherwise it can be really
tricky to imbue meaning late in development, because the game was not built around having
any of it. An example I often give is Brothers: A Tale
of Two Sons. I’m not going to spoil and discuss it here
in detail, I just want to mention that holistically, Brothers is built around the notion of trust,
and everything in the game, from core mechanics to level design to narrative, all builds up
to the final segment. It has resonated with many, and that’s because
it’s something that existed as a goal in one shape or form in the game’s production
process from the get go. So when you’re planning what game you want
to make, don’t just focus on the mechanical game part. Focus also on the contextual ‘why’ part,
and think about what themes you would like to discuss so you could lay the foundation
for them early enough. Thank you all for watching, and a special
thanks to my patrons for their continuous support. If you’d like, feel free to join the campaign
at patreon.com/farlands, and regardless don’t forget to like, subscribe, and click on the
bell button. I’ll see you next time!

01/03 Sketch — Graphic Design: Create a Vintage Lettering Logo

01/03 Sketch — Graphic Design: Create a Vintage Lettering Logo


Here, you can see a couple of sketches that I’ve done. I’ve based my idea on the brand’s fan tradition. I’ve made a couple of square logos and some that are a bit more horizontal. I even tried with the subtitle and different icons to see how the composition works. It’s really important to make hand sketches before the digital version, especially when drawing letters because we can make some natural movements that look really well on paper. But then when we take it to a digital media, that natural look get lost and doesn’t look really good. Only when I’m designing logos, I make different versions because I think that the time you put into final versions that will not work is a wasted time. So now it’s our moment to choose. I’m going to pick this one. I like the composition, and I think it will look really good at vertical and horizontal versions. But anyhow, I’m going to play around with this little element later on the computer. I also see a couple of mistakes here, like the spacing. There’s a very little here, and too much here. Now, we just have to scan or take a picture and send it to the computer.

The Best FREE Logo Design Resources You Need to Know About  – Logo/ Brand Identity Design

The Best FREE Logo Design Resources You Need to Know About – Logo/ Brand Identity Design


Finding quality resources online to use in your logo design projects isn’t easy, especially ones that are free. So in this video I’m going to be sharing with you my favourite online logo design resources that can help you create better logos and presentations instantly. What’s up designers welcome back to Digifrog Designs If you’re new here I’m Matt Roberts, Brand Identity Designer and Illustrator. Today I’m going to be sharing with you my go-to logo design resources to help you create better logo designs. These are all free resources online that can help you instantly to create better logos and presentations All the links for everything I’m going to be talking about today will be in the description box below. Before we get started don’t forget to smash that subscribe button, we post new videos every Wednesday helping you become a better designer. Let us know your go-to logo design resources in the comments below. To start things off we’ve got Logo Lab. Logo Lab allows you to put your logo
designs to the test, allowing you to check key elements of your designs like scalability silhouette and balance. Logo Lab gives you a more structured approach to testing your designs, it has an easy to use and simple interface that in a matter of seconds gives you a readout on your logo To put your design to the test head to Logo Lab, once you’re there you’ll be presented with an option to upload your
logo or try a sample. So the first thing you’re going to need
to do is upload the design you want to test. I’m just going to be using one of
the sample logos to show you how it works. I’m just gonna hit try sample, once
you’ve uploaded let Logo Lab do its thing and after a few seconds the page
should load with your logo design shown at the top then the test results below The test results start off with balance so you can see how the design is balanced to make sure it’s not overly weighted to one side making it look off. Next it takes a look at colour so you can see how the design will work in various colour ways. It even goes to the extent of showing you how it would appear to someone that suffers with colour blindness. Other things Logo Lab allows you to test for is scalability, so you can see how the design will function in a range of different sizes. Containers to see how it’ll
work in different space allocations and the next couple will show you what the
design would look like if it was blurred, low resolution or cut up to see how
identifiable it is, with a whole host of others too. Using the information that you gather here you can make any educated improvements to the design to help you
refine it further. So why not give Logo Lab a try on your next project? The next resource is coolors.co This is one of my favourite resources to use to generate colour palette to my logo designs and branding projects. I also sometimes use this for my illustrations to help dial down on a scheme that’s going to work. Once you’re on Coolors’ website you can start by pressing the spacebar and it will start generating colour schemes for you and you can keep hitting the spacebar to generate a new palette. If there are a few colours
that you like the look of you can lock them in so you can try to fine-tune the
colour palette to find exactly what you need. You can also import hex values
directly into the interface so if you have any pre-existing colours that you
need to work around you can generate a palette that works around that. Another way that you can use coolors is by uploading an image to generate a colour palette from, simply upload the image and pick your colour selections. You can also use the auto generate button to randomly select new areas to sample. You can often find yourself spending a lot longer on this site than you’d think just trying to see what you can come up with so be warned. One thing that makes coolors.co even more useful, is the fact they have an adobe add-on available for Photoshop and illustrator which allows you to add your pallets right into your workspace. Not only that they have an iOS and Android app available to use on the fly. Moving on we have LogoBook.com Logo Book is one of my favourite
go-to sites when I’m looking for inspiration to galleries style website
that in their words allows you to discover the world’s finest logos
symbols and trademarks. Again all of the links will be in the description box below for everything I’m discussing today. Logo Book is super easy to use with a
simple and intuitive layout. All the logos are presented in black and white to ease the navigation process and they are categorized accordingly. This is a beautiful display of historical logos and design concepts in the designers and business owners alike encouraging them to design unique and original logos. So why not check it out on your next looking for inspiration for your next project? The final one for today’s video is Graphic Burger. So now you’ve designed
the logo it’s time to present it to the client. If you’re a fan of the channel
you’ll know already why mock-ups are important for client presentations. So what I want you guys to do is pause the video and go let everybody else know in the comments below why mock-ups are so important for client presentations. But if you’re new to the channel and this is your first time here, mock-ups are highly important when presenting logos because they allow the client to see the design in a real-world context. There are loads of places online offering free and premium mock-ups that you can download and use in your projects, but today we’re gonna be focusing on one of my favourite free sites and that’s Graphic Burger. Graphic Burger is an awesome site that features thousands of resources that you
can download and use for free in your
projects. So once you’ve headed to Graphic Burger’s website you can jump over to the mock-ups page and search through the entire
library for what you need. Or if you know exactly what you’re looking for you can use a search function, once you’ve found the mock-up you’d like to use you can select them to download or find out a little bit more about the design and who designed it. So make sure you show the designer some love and support where you can Once you’ve downloaded the mock-up open it up in Photoshop to add your
designs to them. Mock-ups normally use smart objects to map your artwork into the design. You can simply change them by double clicking on the smart object layer but one of your artwork is normally labeled like place your artwork
here or something like that. This will open the smart object so you can replace it with your existing design with your own. Once you’ve added your artwork to
the smart object simply save and then head back to the mock-up file and if everything has gone to plan you should see your artwork has been updated and mapped to the mock-up ready to use in your presentations, or even on Instagram. There we have it, those are my favourite three logo design resources to help you instantly design better logos. Thanks for watching designers if you liked this video smash that subscribe button, give it a like and also don’t forget to ring that notification bell so you get notified every time we post a new video. Share this video with your friends on social it really helps me reach more people educating them on building better brands
and showing what actually goes into designing them. And shop the merch to
support the channel and show you part of the DFD crew Catch you next week
designers Love you.

Graphic Design: Create your own avatar (beginner) | Freepik course trailer_ENG

Graphic Design: Create your own avatar (beginner) | Freepik course trailer_ENG


Hello! My name’s Mary Keller and I’m a
digital artist from Mexico. In this course, I will teach you how to design
simple avatars in Adobe illustrators. I’ll be creating my avatar as an example
but all the tricks and techniques can be applied in the creation of your own
avatar or character. Get ready to learn how to simplify a person’s face and create
fun looking avatars in no time.

The Behance Blueprint

The Behance Blueprint


Chances are you’re making a critical
mistake with your portfolio. Oftentimes as creative professionals, we invest tons
of time and effort in our clients’ projects but we don’t take the same care
and attention when it comes to investing in ourselves. Your portfolio is not
limited to a collection of completed work but should also include your
expertise, process, strategy, and prove you’re able to make good decisions when
designing with a goal in mind. It’s not enough to be skilled at what you do, you
have to take it a step further and get others to believe you can actually
provide value. When you use this approach and apply the blueprint framework, you’ll
never have to wonder whether or not your portfolio reflects your best work.
Setting up your design portfolio is one of the most essential areas as a
creative and is often overlooked. This also may be a reason why you’re not
securing as many clients as you could. Your portfolio is not everything that it
could be. My name is Nathan Allotey, I’m a designer and marketing strategist and
for the last five years I’ve been solely focused on teaching designers how to
bridge the gap between their creative skills and business. In this course, we’ll
walk through the process of creating a portfolio project from start to finish.
Everything from mindset all the way down to what specific creative elements you
should include. We will walk through how to compose, curate, and create the
necessary assets to best communicate your design skills. I get completely
transparent and communicate where I’ve failed in the past but also I walk
through how to avoid those common pitfalls and take a leap forward. You can
anticipate tips, examples from real client projects, case studies, and live
portfolio reviews. No matter if you’re a student, freelancer, just getting started,
or have years of experience, the Behance Blueprint will help you focus on what’s
important when creating your portfolio.

INTRODUCTION – GRAPHIC DESIGNER to ILLUSTRATOR to TYPE DESIGNER

INTRODUCTION – GRAPHIC DESIGNER to ILLUSTRATOR to TYPE DESIGNER


Hello, my name is Ian I’m a Font Designer Maybe in Indonesia it still a few people that know about the profesion but i’ll try to explain that a lil bit, so Maybe, for you who got a job that involved the computer things typing things on keyboard, you must be wondering which font that will suitable with your stuff maybe it can be a thesis graphic designer food menu or maybe a ready sell product usually you use a fonts on that things for the example like maybe some of the famous font in the world like Arial Times New Roman Helvetica Comic Sans thats what we called fonts and my job is, making those kinda fonts and sell it on the internet And now i’ll tell you how From the first time I learned About Design (Graphic Design) till i decided to totally “all-in” this Font Design things Sorry 🙂 So, to be honest i not graduated in any college even any Graphic Design college or maybe some kinda art school or university of art, just like that. So i graduated from Senior High School in 2009 And then i’m doing an common things for the money so many things Then i learned bout Adobe Photoshop and Corel Draw at the moment and then i make myself available for hire for any job based on those software to be honest i just dont understand what is the real Graphic Design jobs at the moment in my mind just, as long as it can be made by Adobe Photoshop or Corel Draw i accept that kinda job based on that conditions i’m proclaiming myself as a Freelance Type Designer ahhh…sorry i mean, proclaiming myself as a Graphic Designer Freelance Graphic Designer The first time being Graphic Designer, my jobs are so random i just work on anything like, making a school’s yearbook and then some printed banner for things a digital printing stuff and then the path that i through leads me to an clothing line (apparel, merchandise) stuff like Tshirts, the good thing is a long long time ago i basically love to drawing then it leads me more to an illustration things i draw for tshirt designs, then.. it tooks me pretty much long time in this Tshirt and clothing line stuff started from 2010 and then i’ve ever work as a inhouse designer in one of major Clothing or Apparel brand in here (Jakarta, Indonesia) and then i decided to get back to basic as a Freelance Illustrator to be focused on working on some for a clothing line and apparel stuff, just like that. and then gradually i feel like i just kinda forcing myself to be an illustrator like to be honest, i can do it but its like i forced myself its like i forced myself it feels like i’m not enjoying it anymore and finally back in late 2012 i met a friend from Bandung, Indonesia. His name is GILANG PURNAMA he’s one of the finest and famous Type Designer (Font Designer/Font Maker) in here in Indonesia. He started to make fonts since circa 2008 some of them are free and some are for sale when i first knew him, he suggest me to “cmon man, lets make fonts” it will be a big things in the future and i said “oh yes i wanna do it man” but i realized that making fonts took a long time to learn at the moment, my personal financial situation is kinda low to be honest, the decision to change myself into a Type Designer took a very long time back in that day i feel pretty confused to let go the title as an illustrator and then moved into being Type Designer or Font Designer just like what i told before because, me personally dont want it to be like i can do so much things like Illustrator (slash) Graphic Designer (slash) Type Designer for me it doesn’t look cool because everywhere, what i know is The Specialist, are more credible better than someone that can do so many things here i give you an example, when we learn about one thing for 5 years, compared to learning 5 things in 5 years it must be better for the 1things5years than the 5things5years Thats what i though about being a specialist in my personal opinion thats what i wanted and i want to be like that in every kind of situation that i work for and then, i think about how i can move myself to be a Font Designer but at the moment, i need to constantly making money for a living everybody knews that when we sell something for the first time, it must be not highly sold as we expect it needs to be totally prepared learning so many things, learn about the market lets take aside the learn about the market, i still didn’t know how to make fonts back in the day. and then i came up with a strategy, just like this *my tongue just slipped at the moment* when i’m still being an illustrator, i accept all of the orders and jobs from anywhere as much as i can handle, even though its cheap or expensive i accept all of them till i get some “safe money” for a living for a 1 or 2 months next. and then after the money is there, i stopped all of that kinda orders and illustrations job then i focused to learn about how to make a font with the money that i get before for my daily needs when i’m learning, in making fonts and then.. finally i can make one font and then i try to sell it unfortunately almost nobody buys it and my money getting drained so i repeat those steps before find a new jobs and orders, tshirt design, illustration anything i’m designing so much stuff till i get that “safe money” and then i use that for my daily things and i learn to make a new font again again and again untill one day, the fonts that i made before, gradually started to make my financial condition safer and then, gradually i just let go all of the illustration and graphic design jobs and orders till i finally not working on any kinda orders even graphic design or illustration at all in 2013. and totally focused only just making fonts for a living. one of the things that make my decision stronger to be a Type Designer is its a “product-selling” based not a “work-by-orders” when we selling a digital product like this, to be honest making font takes a long time its like maybe a month, 2 months even like a couple years. it depends how the quality of the font is. what’s on my mind is, its kinda investment, a product investment. so we only make it once, but it can be sell forever the more we created, the products being much much more variative. So the long term of investments are gone longer and way more far. compared to when i’m work for one “order-based” job which is maybe the rate are high and some of them are cheap but its just stop right there, no continuity. i think if it repeated again and again just like that, its only making myself tired and exhausted. repeating those same things are pretty tiring and then i find out how to make these energy spends are optimal so i try to find a way how to make all of these as a passive income. which is we sell a digital product, and we make it by ourself, even though it takes a long time to make it, but the profit is a long-term which is someday maybe i didn’t do anything in one or two months it still gives me (lets just say like) salary in every month. even though i didn’t make anything new at the moment. that’s one of the reasons why i changed myself to be a type designer and then, finally when i can feel more relax, when everythings being steady and then i can track how much money that i can earn every month, then i started to realize like how much font that i can make in a month, how much font that i can make in 2 month, then i realized that, “these-kinda” job are more relaxing and enjoyable. i can improve myself better in every aspect of the business, and i can learn much more different things about the business, that’s because we’re not tied by the deadline, and not being pushed by other people, and all of the decisions in the business are depends on me myself and i as a one man show, back in the day That’s what i found really fun to do and thats another reason why i choose this Type Design things actually, if you wanna sell something digital as a Graphic Designer or maybe an Illustrator. Its not only fonts that can be sell online just like this as a digital product and a passive income i have some of illustrator friends doing the similar things like this almost have the same system to make the passive income, they jump in to Shutterstock 123RF, Fotolia Graphic River there’s some of the marketplace website that have a lot of digital products to sell not only fonts there are Templates, Brochure template, Website template or maybe a Vector illustration a piece by piece illustration, that can be used a couple times after. i think that’s enough for the moment, here’s the short story that i can tell you for the first as an introduction and in the future, i wanna make more of “these-kinda” videos maybe i’ll share about the process about how i make the fonts or maybe as a sharing about about the font business environtment or maybe about a digital products and stuff about the marketing movement or maybe how to promote on Social Media and if you can suggest me, i dont wanna say “just ask me a question” cause it looks like i’m the one who knows everything where both of us are still learning so, maybe if you wanna know something and you need a buddy to learn together just let me know what the thing is and i’ll try to learn on that too which is maybe still related with what i’ve been doing to improve myself better thank you for all of your interest, I’m really sorry about the lack of video quality, and so ordinary and so many annoying cats cause i have 4 cats thank you and see you later hope you enjoy this video and still interest to watch the next video 🙂

07/11 Empire State Building — Graphic Design: Illustrate a Flat Style City_ENG

07/11 Empire State Building — Graphic Design: Illustrate a Flat Style City_ENG


On this lesson, we’re going to work on the Empire State Building. So the first we’re going to do, is go here and see how the shape of the building is. So what I’m going to do is to go to my Rectangle tool by clicking here or pressing M on my keyboard and make a rectangle that’s around this size. And if you remember, I sometimes prefer to work with only the stroke, so I’m going to do that. Then I’m going to do another one that is smaller. Then I’m going to do an another one. that’s a little bit smaller, and another one that is just like this. I’m going to select all the shapes and align them with Horizontal Align Center. And now I think this is looking okay. So what I’m going to do is select all of this before this. And move them to the right a little bit by, sorry, to the left by pressing Alt and Shift. And I think that’s ok, so what I’m going to do right now, is select the ones that I created first. Select them all and Unite them. So now this is going to be the main shape of my building. I’m going to create another rectangle here on the top. And another one that is smaller and this… place it right here kind of a thiner. And I’m going to do the same that I did with this two shapes, but while moving them I’m going to press Alt and Shift. Ok, so what I’m going to do is fill this one with our white color, remove the stroke. Then go to these three and Unite them because I want them to have the same color. So probably grey would work fine for them. Then I’m going to right click>Arrange>Send to back, or you can use the shortcut. And again just as before with a Statue of Liberty, we can move this a little bit to the bottom. So we can see that we don’t have them behind our other things, so remember to remove the stroke. And we’re going to have this one, I’ll have it yellow. And just sent it back. Then… I think I’m going to use the same yellow, I could use the Eyedropper by selecting here or pressing I on my keyboard. Then right click>Send to back. And then for this one, I’m going to use a darker, send it to back. Then probably the same color for this one. And just make sure that for this other one you pick one that is darker, maybe that one. Make it like that, make a little bit thicker and center it to this rectangle and now remember to send it to back. And you can actually center it, the both of these. Not make it as all. So you’remember with your Direct Selection tool or you can press A on your keyboard, you can make this smaller and maybe a little bit wider. Okay, so this is kind of the shape that I am trying to replicate here. Now you can see that it has a lot of windows and I want to do that as well, so I’m going to go here to my Rectangle tool. And then create while pressing Shift, so I create the square. I’m going to use this dark blue as the window color. And I’m going to make another copy by pressing Alt + Shift. And then I’m going to press Ctrl +D to make the same copy with the same distance again. I’m going to select them all and group them and move them a little bit here probably. Yeah I think that’s okay. And I’m going to make a copy again while pressing Alt and Shift around there. Then I’m going to press Ctrl + D, Ctrl + D, Ctrl + D, Ctrl + D…until I have enough copies there. Then I’m going to do the same with Ctrl + D, Ctrl + D, until I get almost to the top, I think right there is ok. So what I’m going to do right now, is just select this Rectangle here because they are going outside, and I don’t want to do that or to mask them. So what I’m going to do is you could ungroup them or go inside the group by double clicking. And then just remove this one and then go outside. But other way you can get around this is with the Direct Selection tool, you can select all the squares. And you press delete. Make sure that you are selecting them all, and that’s it. I think this is looking okay. You can select all of them and again, if you don’t have any other element that is using this dark blue, you can select this and make sure that you are selecting similar objects. And you’ll have them right there. ANd I want to actually move them a little bit to the bottom. So around there, I think it’s okay. And I’m going to select them all again and group them. And then I just want to make a copy for the other side, so I’m going to go right click>Transform>Reflect. Make sure you’re reflecting on the vertical axis and make a copy. And I’m goig to move it to this side. And finally, I want to create some other windows here in the middle. So and I actually think that this is not as tall as in the proportion with the one that I have here. It is not as tall and probably not as wide. So I’m going to fix that by selecting everything, except the windows and scaling them a little bit, probably like that, maybe not make it that wide. Make sure that you are making a little bit taller. And then let’s select the windows and move them here on the bottom. And probably I’m going to have to delete this one because I’m going to have to repeat some of the windows here because they didn’t… they don’t work for this new lay out. So that’s okay, I can go double click on the group. And let’s just double click here and make any… Select one of these, press Ctrl+ C, go one level of the group to the top and press Ctrl + Shift + V, so you place it on the exact same place. Now I’m going to move it a little bit or right and again, just as before by pressing Alt + Shift, move these windows to fill those spaces you need it and go outside the group. And now I want to… These two to have the same distance as the other ones, so I move them, again Ctrl + D. Right until I think it’s okay. Now I’m going to do what I did before, right-click>Transform>Reflect. And make sure that I’m reflecting on the vertical axis and make copy, move it to this side. And now you have.._ I think now the proportions are better, so I’m gonna add some windows here on the middle. So to do that again, I’m going to copy one of these squares, I’m going to pres Ctrl + C. Then is one I can paste it wherever I want by pressing Ctrl + V. And then just move it around here. I think that it looks nice, make a copy by pressing… by dragging and pressing Alt + Shift. Release them, group both of these. Make sure that you center them. Now let’s make a copy around there. And then I want to make a lot of copies until I get to the top by pressing Ctrl+ D, remember that repeats the last action. I think that these ones on the top doesn’t look like, so that’s it. And with this, we have a building that resembles our reference. And as I told you before, if your city has different buildings, make sure that you try to capture what is unique about them. So for example, here you can see the different levels that we have been trying to recreate, how it kind of looks like a stairs, right here on the border. So now that I have this, I’m going to go Ctrl + G to group it and put this buildinging on my map. I’m going to scale it of course because I think it’s too big, and move it around here. So probably a little bit smaller, and move it, probably around there I think it would work fine. So now we have a building there and on the next lesson, we’re going to keep populating this map by adding some other buildings here and some trees and houeses. So see you on the next lesson.

Styling Text With CSS3 | XO PIXEL

Styling Text With CSS3 | XO PIXEL


Hey guys! So in last week’s tutorial, we learned all about text in HTML. In this weeks tutorial, you’ll learn all about styling text in CSS. Feel free to follow along by opening your favourite code editor. Before we get started, be sure to check
out my blog post for a copy of the HTML & CSS code. There’s a link in the description box below. Now let’s get started. In CSS, there’s a variety of properties
that can be used to change the appearance of text. Remember that the following CSS properties apply to the text within the elements we specified in our HTML code. Before we make our text all fancy, we first need to tell the browser what typeface we
want to use in the first place. We need to specify typefaces before anything else. To do this we use the “font-family” property. The value of the “font-family” property
is the name of the typeface you want to use like ‘Arial’, ‘Verdana’ or ‘Helvetica’.
In order for fonts to be displayed on your website for many users, the fonts specified must be installed on the user’s computer. You can use more than one font by making a list separated with commas so that if the user doesn’t have the first font installed,
their browser can display the others fonts listed as alternatives.
Fonts with more than one word like “Courier New” or “Time New Roman” must be put
inside double quotes. Once we specify the typeface, we can now use other properties to style the font.
The “font-size” property is pretty self-explanatory; it specifies the size of the font.
There are three common ways you can specify the size of a font: by using pixels, percentages
and ems Pixels is a precise size measurements and
is commonly used for font sizes. This is written by writing the number of pixels followed by the letters px. Percentages are commonly based on the default size of text in browsers which is 16px. Therefore, a font-size set to 50% would be the equivalent
of 8px and a font-size set to 75% would be equivalent to 12px. Lastly, EMS is a bit of an abstract concept. Generally, 1em=16px which again, is the
default font-size in most browsers. If the If the font size for the entire site is set to be 12px by default, then 1em will equal 12px, 2em would equal 24px and so on.
Both percentages and EMS are commonly used in responsive web design. But we’ll get into that in another video. After you’ve set the size of the font, you can specify the weight of the font. Font weights are commonly either bold or normal. The “line-height” property adjusts the
vertical gap between lines of text. To control the alignment of text, use the “text-align” property By using the text-transform property, you can change the case of text to “uppercase”, “lowercase” or to “capitalize” which capitalizes the first letter of each word. In CSS3, we can now add drop shadows to text using the “text-shadow” property. The values in this property is made up of three lengths and a color. The first value indicates how far to the left or right the shadow will be, the second value indicates the distance from the top or bottom and the third indicates the amount of blur to the shadow you wish your text to have. The font style allows you to make the font italic, oblique or normal. You can also indent the first line of text using the text-indent property. The amount you want to indent the text is usually given in pixels or ems. The property “letter-spacing” adjusts the spacing between each individual letter. This is referred to as “kerning”. The “word-spacing” property adjusts the spacing between each word in a paragraph. You wouldn’t need to use the word-spacing property too often. When specifying the value for these properties, it should be in ems. The text-decoration property allows you to specify if you want your text to have an underline, overline, line-through or none which removes any decoration already applied to the text. Now we’re almost done learning about all the properties you can apply to style your text in CSS. But before we wrap up, I want to introduce to you Pseudo-elements and pseudo-classes. Pseudo-elements essentially acts like there’s an extra element in the code. A good example of this is both the ‘:first-letter’ pseudo-element which styles the first letter in a paragraph and the ‘:first-line’ pseudo-element that styles the first line of a paragraph. Pseudo-element & pseudo-classes are written at the end of the selector, like this (see video) pseudo-classes like “:link” and “:visited” are commonly seen when styling links. The pseudo-class “:link” styles links that have not been clicked on or “visited”. The pseudo-class “:visited” styles the look of a link that has been visited. Other pseudo-classes like :hover, :active and :focus changes the appearance of elements when a user is interacting with them. “:hover” effects the look of an element when a user’s mouse is hovering over it. “:active” effects the look of the element when the element has been clicked. Lastly, “:focus” can be used to indicate the element is being focused on, for example, that moment when you’re ready to begin typing in the comment box below, that change in activity to the element indicates “:focus” has been applied to the element. Well, that was a lot of things to learn but
now, you’re a pro at styling text using CSS. You’ve learnt about the many elements, properties, pseudo-elements and pseudo-classes used when styling text in CSS3. Now go ahead and apply your new knowledge on your own personal web development projects. Please give this video a thumbs up if you
liked it and write a comment below to let me know if you have any ideas or suggestions for future videos. Don’t forget to subscribe if you enjoy these videos and as always, thanks for watching! I’ll you see in next weeks video.

05/06 Lines and solid colors — Graphic Design: Learn to design weather icons_ENG

05/06 Lines and solid colors — Graphic Design: Learn to design weather icons_ENG


On this lesson, we’re going to work on our next style and we’re going to base it on what we did on our previous lesson. So first thing you have to do is, you have this style that is right there. But as I said, we’re going to base ourselves on what we did before: So all we’re going to do is, have this that we had here with the lines and add some color. So do that, I’m going to go here and I ungroup my shapes. Then I’m going to ungroup each individual group that I had here. Again by selecting them all or you can go individually and ungroup it. So you can add different colors to these different shapes. And I’m going to select this, remove the stroke because we just want to fill for now. You’re going to see how I change that, and change it to this color. Then I’m going to do the same for all the suns by selecting both of them and going to my Eyedropper tool by going here to my Tool’s panel or pressing I on my keyboard. Now I’m going to change the color of the clouds and maybe these two on the rain drops to something like this. I think this is okay. And then I’m going to the same for this clouds, so again, just the Eyedropper and in the case of these clouds, I’m going to actually change this color to white. Right now, you don’t see anything because we don’t have a background, but we’re going to change that. To this, I’m going to change my color to some gray and the thunder is going to have the same color ff the sun. And I’m going to do the same for this one. Now, you’re going to say okay, when are you going to combine these two? I’m going to do it right now. So now that I have all the colors or the base colors there, all I have to do is just go here to my previous style, make sure that I click on this so I am on the Artboard 1 copy, that is actually this style that we did before. We’re going to select them all and press Ctrl + C to copy them. Now, we’re going to go back to our Artboard. In this case is this Artboard 1 copy 3, and you can click again to make sure that you’re on the right Artboard. And now, all you have to do is, go to Object… Sorry, Edit and select Paste In Place, or you can go Ctrl + Shift + V. Now, once you do that, you can see that it has placed what I did. And I’m going to actually group this just that you see that I can select them everything easilly, just Ctrl + G. Now you can see how both styles have been applied in this. Now, if you don’t want to accidentally move these strokes around because they are not going to have any changes, all you have to do is, go here to Object>Lock>Selection, or press Ctrl + 2 on your keyboard, that way you are not going to be able to change the strokes, but only the shapes that you had before. And now to make this rain icon stand out a little bit more, I’m going to actually add a background. I’m going to send it back. And I’m going to change the color to a very very light… Maybe this one is better. I think this is working better, and it is going to be like that. And now, you’re almost done, but you can also add some little accents to this sun. Especially to the sun because it’s shining. So to make a difference from the rest of the elements, all you have to do is go here to your Basic Shapes tool, select your rectangle, go here to find the center, or you can do a rectangle, sorry, a circle wherever or not the place. And make sure your press Alt and Shift, so that the place where you clicked first becomes the center, and make our stroke… Sorry, our circle around the size. And when I swap it, it’s actually need a stroke then change this one to… I think 5 would work nice. Now, I’m going to change the color to a very very light yellow, maybe something lighter. Now, I’m going to go here and use again my Scissors tool by clicking here or pressing C on my keyboard. And go and make a point here, and then another point around here. Now I’m going to delete what I don’t need. And I’m going to select this and change my cap to round cap, so I have something like this. And to make this even more interesting, I’m going to press C again here, and then C againt here to remove this little piece and delete it. And you could actually remove more, but it think it’s too less, something like this. And now you have a little reflection here on this sun. And you can group it and then you can just simply move it by pressing Alt + Shift and move it around the same distance for the sun. We’re gonna do the same for all the suns on this icon set. And now you can see that the sun is standing out because it’s… the reflect is here. Now with this, we have our third different set. And we’re going to work on the next lesson on our final set of icons with a difference.